Experimental study comparing the lipid profile of murine blastocysts produced from natural mating, superovulated cycles or after IVF submitted or not to vitrification. For in-vitro experiments, 562 oocytes from superovulated females were randomly divided into four groups: fresh oocytes fertilized in vitro and vitrified groups: Irvine Scientific (IRV), Tvitri-4 (T4) or T4 supplemented with L-carnitine and fatty acids (T4-LC/FA). Fresh or vitrified–warmed oocytes were inseminated and cultured for 96 h or 120 h. The lipid profile of nine of the best quality blastocysts from each experimental group was assessed by multiple reaction monitoring profiling method. Significantly different lipids or transitions between groups were found using univariate statistics (P < 0.05, fold change = 1.5) and multivariate statistical methods.
A total of 125 lipids in blastocysts were profiled. Statistical analysis revealed several classes of phospholipids affected in the blastocysts by ovarian stimulation, IVF, oocyte vitrification, or all. L-carnitine and fatty acid supplements prevented, to a certain extent, changes in phospholipid and sphingolipid contents in the blastocysts.
Ovarian stimulation alone, or in association with IVF, promoted changes in phospholipid profile and abundance of blastocysts. A short exposure time to the lipid-based solutions during oocyte vitrification was sufficient to induce changes in the lipid profile that were sustained until the blastocyst stage.